Hye uolss, & a very good afternoon to everyone. Hot weather, make me trying to place refrigerator get closer with me. Besides in front of laptop, it gonna make me such as being located in oven, it was illustrated how hot i feel on this day. hehehe. However, this is not my big challenge on me as i am strong enough to face it. ceahhhh. Well, i have to be a strong person in order to complete my mission, which is study hard for tomorrow quiz! Oh, kingdom chapter! I know that kingdom chapter is quite challenge as it contain broad topic to be discussed. But, only Animalia chapter should be focus and will be study with strong spirit as this chapter is much longer than another chapter. Muahahaha.
Only a few pages that have been studied, so based on my knowledge there is nine type of Phyla Animalia, But i was already completed invertebrate species of Animalia kingdom. How so funny i feel that what have been done by me on this day as it gonna short and wanna leaving me. Huhuhuk. Ok, let me share the tips that i have done during my study. 1st, read, understand each description and watching you tube. Oh yeah, it makes me fun and enjoying study this chapter even though it much longer than others chapter.
####Is a sponge that has hollow tube and single body cavity. It also has adaptation on environment which has small pores called as ostia that allow water containing many plankton flow through into its internal. Besides, it one end is attach on rock surface while other end is open for water leaves from internal body of sponge called terminal osculum. Also has endoskeleton called spicules the give sponge shape.
2. Phyla Colenterata/ Cnidarian (Jelly fish, coral and anemones)
####How cnidarian capture its prey! Awesome video that should be watch and it is the best way to understand how Cnidarian species adapt itself with environment. It body structure contain staining cell (poison) to inject on their prey and kill it.
3. Phyla Platyhelminthes (Flatworms)
####Flatworm that has two type of species which as parasite and free living. Sometimes, defect that occur on animal is also caused by parasite such as causing assortment of defects by multiple of frog leg.
Defect that caused by parasite flatworm species:
4.Phyla Nematoda (Roundworm)
###Roundworm also has two type species which is parasite and free living organism. Almost its characteristics are same with Plathyhelminthes phyla. Elephantiasis defect is defect by this parasite species, that live in the blood of host and can be transmitted through biting of mosquitoes that carry this kind of parasites.
5. Phyla Annelida (Earthworm, rag worm and leeches)
####Is a kind of worm species that has distinctive characteristic from other worm which is has ringing of the body called metameric segmentation and full-filled coelom that creates hydrostatic skeleton. It moves by muscle contraction that produce pressure coelomic fluid that force body to elongate and expand. This species such as earthworm is able to fertilize soil while leeches used in medication to suck infected of "dirty" blood of human.
6. Arthropoda (Crustaceans, centipedes, millipedes and insects)
####More complex structure than above phylum that have different part of body which are head, thorax and head. They also have jointed appendages adaptation for feeding, sensory function and locomotion. Arthropoda endoskeleton is made of from thick cuticle that is waterproof, so it is able to prevent water loss and also as a protection from predator. However, insects are adapt by several special defense such as have stingers, cryptic coloration and mimics a poisonous insects.
7. Phyla Mollusca (snail, octopus, squid, slug)
#### Mollusca phylum lives in aquatic and terrestrial habitat. These species have well-develop digestive system such as stomach and digestive gland. It has rasping organ called radula in the mouth that used to break off its food and reproduce externally through sexual.
8. Phyla Echinodermata (Starfish, Brittle Star, Sea cucumber and Sea urchin)
### This kind of phylum has spiny skin as exoskeleton that composed of hard calcium-rich plates. Its characteristics are tripobalstic, coelomates due to have a water vascular system and no segmentation. However, its metamorphosis which is in larvae stage it was bilaterally symmetrical but in adult stage is radially symmetrical.
***There is only eight phylum of animalia, so how about the one? Actually eight of these phylum are intervetebrate, while the other one is vetebrate form that will be study later.hehehe. So, i have finish on my invertebrate topic and time to watch football match between TRW vs P.S...Bye2.